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Showing posts with label Engineering Management. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Engineering Management. Show all posts

Saturday, 14 November 2020

Negotiation | Base Price | Target Price | Negotiation Approach

Negotiation – the dialogue between opposing parties (customer vs vendor) to a deal whereby they attempt to reach an agreement. Virtually every business process requires some degree of negotiation. To progress in business and in most personal endeavours, negotiation must be employed. Negotiation starts after the successful technical meeting on the item or garment to be ordered. 

Price Negotiation | Garment Merchandising

Friday, 6 November 2020

Letter of credit (L/C) | Steps of L/C Transaction

A letter of credit (also known as documentary credit) is a document issued by a bank on behalf of an applicant (the buyer/customer) undertaking to make payment to a beneficiary (the seller/vendor) up to a stated amount of money, within a prescribed time limit and against stipulated documents. There are usually two banks involved in a letter of credit operation. The issuing bank is the bank of the buyer and issues the credit; the advising bank usually located in the sellers country receives the L/C.

Step-by-step description of a typical Letter of Credit transaction 
1. An Importer (Buyer) and Exporter (Seller) agree on a purchase and sale of goods where payment is made by Letter of Credit. 

2. The Importer completes an application requesting its bank (Issuing Bank) to issue a Letter of Credit in favour of the Exporter. Note that the Importer must have a line of credit with the Issuing Bank in order to request that a Letter of Credit be issued. 

Wednesday, 28 October 2020

Lead Time

The time between the initiation (starting) and completion (ending) of a Process/Production process. Lead time is the amount of time that elapses between when a process starts and its completion. Lead time is examined closely in manufacturing, supply chain management and project management, as companies want to reduce the amount of time it takes to deliver products to the market. We get normally 90-120 days lead time for the garment order in Bangladesh. 


Monday, 26 October 2020

Inventory Management | Functions of Supply Chain

Supply Chain

supply chain is a network of individual functions within an organization that begins with the development of a strategic plan and ends with the delivery of a product or service. Those functions are listed below:

Sunday, 25 October 2020

Manufacturing & Service Operations | Functions of Supply Chain

Supply Chain

supply chain is a network of individual functions within an organization that begins with the development of a strategic plan and ends with the delivery of a product or service. Those functions are listed below:
  1. Demand Planning
  2. Supply Management and Procurement
  3. Inventory Management
  4. Warehousing Operations
  5. Manufacturing and Service Operations
  6. Transportation Operations
  7. Customer Service Operations

Friday, 9 October 2020

Sample | Sampling | Types of garment sample

Sample: A few items or goods taken from a large number of similar goods are called sample. Or The true representative of the bulk or population is termed as a sample and the process of selecting a sample is called the sampling process. Sampling for textile testing can be in-
  • Fibre stage 
  • Yarn stage 
  • Fabric stage 
  • Garment stage 
Sampling: Garment Sampling is the most technical feature of the merchandiser’s job. This involves developing new products or taking some existing products to the new customer to meet customer demands. Merchandisers usually develop different samples and send to the customer for approval. 

Types of garment sample? 
Prototype samples: These are samples developed during the preliminary stages of product development. They are made by similar but not always exact fabrics & trims. But must be made as per buyer sketch, specification sheet. 

Sample | Sampling | Types of garment sample

Thursday, 8 October 2020

Garment Merchandising | Sampling Processes

Sampling is the most technical feature of the merchandiser’s job. This involves developing new products or taking some existing products to the new customer to meet customer demands.

Garment Merchandising | Garments Sampling Processes | Texpedi.com

Friday, 21 August 2020

Time & Action Calendar | Importance | Influencing Factors

Normally merchandisers prepare a plan of the order in a spreadsheet by listing down the key processes in first column and planned date of action for each process in the next column. This planning sheet is popularly known as time and action calendar (T&A). Once T&A calendar is made, then it can be easy for merchandiser list down their daily 'to do list' and following them one by one. 

Time & Action Calendar | Texpedi.com

Importance of T&A 
👉It helps to streamline the pre-production activities. 
👉Easy understanding of order processing. 
👉Clear understanding of timelines given by buyer. 
👉It gives the clear idea about the minor or sub activities that need to perform during order processing at different level. 
👉T&A gives the idea about the status of running order and talks about delay or deviation, if any 
👉T&A gives the dates at which raw material need to be sourced, in a way it helps to optimise the inventory. 
👉T&A also reduces the risk of delivery delay. 

Friday, 7 August 2020

Role and Responsibilities of a Buying Merchandiser

Engr. Dilruba Yeasmin
B.Sc. in Textile Engineering (BUTEX)

As we know, merchandising can be like apparel merchandising, fashion merchandising, and retail merchandising. Merchandising is the intermediary position between buyer and manufacturers aimed at ensuring the shipment at the right time with the right quality. Merchandiser, in fact, takes all the responsibilities concerned with the apparel order. Apparel merchandising can be performed both from the factory position and the buying representatives. The goal of both merchandisers is the same to ensure the quality goods on time. However, there is a slight difference between the role & responsibilities of a buying house merchandiser and a factory merchandiser. In buying house, the overall responsibilities are sub-divided into various sections like development unit, quotation unit, production unit, sourcing unit, etc. though it varies from buyer to buyer. But as a whole, the role & responsibilities of a buying Merchant are as follows- 

Role and Responsibilities of a Buying Merchandiser

Friday, 31 July 2020

Lead time | Lead Time for Different Textile Processes

Lead time refers to the time between the initiation (starting) and completion (ending) of a Process/Production process. Usually we have 120 days as a garment order lead time though it may vary from the type of orders. For instance, due to the growing demand for fast fashion, we have only 1/2 weeks for fast track orders.

Lead time is the amount of time that elapses between when a process starts and its completion. Lead time is examined closely in manufacturing, supply chain management and project management, as companies want to reduce the amount of time it takes to deliver products to the market.

Lead Time for Different Textile Processes:
1.     Lead tıme for yarn dyed knıt fabrıcs 
2.     Lead tıme for solıd dyed knıt fabrıcs 
3.     Lead tıme for AOP (all-over print) knıt fabrıcs

For downloading the note:👇👇👇

Saturday, 25 July 2020

Textile and Apparel Merchandising: Order to Shipment

Merchandising is executing an order from receiving to shipment through proper following-up the in-between processes. According to the American Marketing Association, merchandising encompasses "Planning involved in marketing the right merchandise or service at the right place, at the right time, in the right quantities, and at the right price.” 

Merchandising can also be defined as the process of identifying and understanding what target customers want and providing them with the desired textile items or merchandise at a certain price and lead-time by making a communication bridge between the buyer and the vendor. So the merchandising process involves at least three parties namely- 
  1. Company: who offers the product to the customer. 
  2. Customer: who is targeted by the company with the help of merchandiser or who places the orders. 
  3. Merchandiser: who places his/her position between the above two parties.

Textile & Apparel Merchandising from order to shipment | Texpedi.com

Monday, 6 July 2020

Purchasing and Procurement | Importance of Procurement

Engr. Fahad Mahmud 
Lecturer (Technical), Department of textiles at SKTEC

The terms procurement and purchasing are often used interchangeably; however, there are important similarities and differences between them. This certification track employs the following definitions for each term:

Procurement is the management of all processes involved in obtaining the goods and services necessary for manufacturing products and providing services to customers. Procurement focuses on sourcing activities, negotiation with suppliers, and the strategic selection of goods and services that enable an organization to achieve maximum value from a select group of key supplier partners.


Purchasing is a function within the procurement process that is largely transactional and associated with how goods and services are ordered. Purchasing involves receiving and processing purchase requisitions (requirements) and converting them to purchase orders (POs) (awards to suppliers).

Sunday, 28 June 2020

Quality of a merchandiser | Apparel Merchandising

As all the processes from receiving an order depending on a merchandiser, s/he must be sharp, dynamic and proactive. Otherwise, they have to suffer from lots of problems like short shipment, late shipment, poor quality etc. And even cannot secure the order for poor calculation or negotiation skills. Actually, a merchandiser is like a person who is capable of doing everything. One of the most remarkable skills a merchandiser should have is the leadership skill. S/he has to play the role from the front. Though they are not directly involved in any manufacturing department, they are clearly an important part of all departments.
Quality of a merchandiser-Texpedia

Saturday, 27 June 2020

১ গজ কাপড় কত কেজি অথবা ১ কেজি কাপড়ে কত গজ?


এটা গার্মেন্টস টেক্সটাইল সেক্টরের জন্য অতি প্রয়োজনীয় একটি বিষয়ঃ বুঝে শুনে হিসেবে নিকেশ করা যদিও না বুঝে মুখস্থ করার অভ্যাস অনেক পুরনো। অংক করার আগে অধ্যায়ের শুরুর মুখবন্ধ বুঝে নিলে নিজে নিজে কঠিন অংক সহজে করা যায়। গার্মেন্টস-টেক্সটাইল সেক্টর ও রপ্তানি প্রক্রিয়ায় সম্পৃক্ততার সুবাদে প্রায় কাপড়কে কেজি থেকে গজে কিংবা গজ থেকে কেজিতে কনভার্ট করা লাগে।

Responsibilities of a Merchandiser | Apparel Merchandising

A merchandiser has to deal with all the processes from the receipt of the order to the shipment. But the fundamental responsibilities of a merchandiser are as below: 
Role & Responsibilities of a merchandiser-Texpedia

1. To identify and analyze what the buyers want and execute accordingly by proper communication with all the department involved. 

2. The prime responsibility of a merchandiser is to ensure the on-time shipment along with the right quality. 

Friday, 26 June 2020

Color Standard | Apparel Merchandising

After the order confirmation, a merchandiser drives to develop different garment samples steps by steps along with fabrics and other trims & accessories. Merchandiser gets PO (Purchase Order) sheet and tech-pack from buyers' end. Detail of order quantity, size, color, packing and shipment can be found from PO sheet. Tech-pack is for technical support like styling, design of different parts and/or the entire garment, measurement specification, quality parameters, etc.

Color Standard | TCX | TPX | Texpedia

Role of Logistics in Supply Chain | Supply Chain Management

Logistics management is  known as the segment of supply chain management which task is to plan, execute and control the efficient, effective forward, and reverse flow and storage of goods, services, and related information between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to fulfill customer's requirements.

Role of logistics in supply chain management-Texpedia

Wednesday, 24 June 2020

Garment sampling | Garment Sampling Process Flow Chart

Md. Syduzzaman
Assistant Professor,
Department of Textile Engineering Management, BUTEX

Garment sampling is one of the major tasks of a merchandiser. S/He has to develop different kinds of samples at different stages with different requirements to be approved by the buyers. Buyers' approval of each sample allows proceeding to successive processes. Developing and taking approval from buyers to move on is termed as garment sampling process. Though sample requirements vary from buyer to buyer, the samples mentioned below are more or less the same for all the buyers. 

Garment sampling process -Texpedia

Customer Service Operations | Functions of Supply Chain

Supply Chain

supply chain is a network of individual functions within an organization that begins with the development of a strategic plan and ends with the delivery of a product or service. Those functions are listed below:
  1. Demand Planning
  2. Supply Management and Procurement
  3. Inventory Management
  4. Warehousing Operations
  5. Manufacturing and Service Operations
  6. Transportation Operations
  7. Customer Service Operations

Tuesday, 23 June 2020

Transportation Operations | Functions of Supply Chain

Supply Chain

supply chain is a network of individual functions within an organization that begins with the development of a strategic plan and ends with the delivery of a product or service. Those functions are listed below:

Fabric Production Techniques

There are different types of fabric production techniques such as weaving, knitting, braiding, non-weaving (for example, felting) and so on....