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Thursday, 21 May 2020

Why Textile Graduates shifting abroad!!!

We all know about the prospects of textile engineering in Bangladesh. It is quite blooming as compared to other disciplines. Students just after completing their academic lives can start their job career. This is undoubtedly noteworthy from the employment point of view. Bangladesh Textile and RMG industry employs almost 5 million people and serving greatly to the national economy. Job facilities like salary, salary increment, accommodation, festival bonus and so on are also very satisfactory. Despite this, textile graduates want to go abroad lately. Every year a pretty good number of textile students are going abroad for higher studies and settle themselves there. After completing the higher education they usually do not (or do not want to) come back to the country. Now a big question has been raised: why they are shifting abroad?



Why?-The reasons

Textile graduates along with other students go abroad for two potential reasons; firstly to pursue the higher studies which is the lifetime dream of many students and secondly, they think themselves less facilitated in Bangladesh as compared to other countries after completing higher studies. In fact, students just after finishing the B.Sc. final exam can get a job as expected and due to the enormous demand, it has already been a trend especially for the BUTEX and any other public university graduates. The industry can successfully execute its functions with these graduates. It is worth mentioning that the Bangladesh textile and RMG industry basically deal with the traditional basic items like t-shirt, polo shirt, tank top, trouser, shirt, pull-over, etc. Bangladesh has already established her name in the elite list of RMG exporting countries and it is in 2nd position just after China. Bangladesh could grip the huge market for its quality product with reasonable prices as compared to the competitor exporting countries. There are such a massive amount of orders every year to be executed that it is no longer possible to look at other possibilities. Consequently, there is no or insignificant research & developments in the industry. Though it is the bitter truth that this ongoing business is not for all time and value-added items are essential in order to sustain in the competitive global market. Anyway, there is no extra valuation for the textile graduates who have masters or PhD degree at the industry level due to not having research & development culture rather they prefer the job experience to handle the orders at hand. That is why graduates after completing higher studies from renowned universities abroad do not or cannot return home although having interests sometimes. They then are bound to be equipped to those countries and contributing to their industry developments. On top of that, forecasting the real future situation many experienced textile engineers are being seen to shift abroad. They could understand that the market of these cheap items is not everlasting and going to suffer unless changing the business trends. 

How? - The solutions

Those who follow the ongoing business trends can surely understand the necessity of the value-added and even diversified textile items. We merely depending on the traditional basic items cannot beat the competitors and as a result, cannot sustain in the market. We have to concentrate on product diversification and more precisely industry must emphasize on the R&D activities. Bangladesh Textile and RMG industry should come out from "Buyers-oriented" approach. They must not always just follow what the buyers demand rather they can develop some new but value-added items and offer to the customers. Thus surely can earn more and can be in the global race. Shifting the market from traditional basic items to value-added items like medical textiles, smart textiles, textile nanocomposites, and some other technical textiles, it is utmost to create a research culture in the industry. More and more investment should be made in R&D departments. Textile graduates with research degrees like M.Sc. and PhD from any renowned university should be accommodated with higher facilities if necessary. Research degree should be evaluated for the sake of industrial growth and developments. Thus textile graduates will be inspired more to go abroad for higher education and will surely come back to Bangladesh if they are properly judged. At the same time, our local industry will be able to move forward by utilizing their research experiences. In fact, almost the majority of the graduates with a higher degree would return, if they were evaluated properly.
So it can be concluded that creating job opportunities for higher research degree holders can close brain drains and be used in our local industry. Otherwise, we are going to lose our existing position in the very near future. 

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